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Industry Reports About TPMS Trends, Tire Pressure, Safety and Fuel Efficiency

Tire Pressure Maintenance: A Statistical Investigation –NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis conducted several surveys and studies to estimate and compare the benefits of direct and indirect TPMS. The results of the most recently conducted survey are presented in this report.

Tire Pressure Monitoring System FMVSS No. 138 –The final regulatory impact analysis of the TREAD Act, from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, published in 2005.

NHTSA Final Rule Document –This final rule establishes a new Federal motor vehicle safety standard (FMVSS) requiring installation of a tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) capable of detecting when one or more of a vehicle's tires is significantly underinflated. This final rule responds to a mandate in the TREAD Act.

Fuel Economy Guide 2010 –The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) produce the Fuel Economy Guide to help car buyers choose the most fuel efficient vehicle that meets their needs.

European

Regulation (EC) 661/2009 –The voted-upon and published Regulation (EC) 661/2009 of the European Parliament and the Council, concerning the Type-approval Requirement for the General Safety of Motor Vehicles. Includes a mandated fitment of TPMS on M1 vehicles (Article 9.2).

European Parliament study on Type-approval Requirements for the General Safety of Motor Vehicles –A study that presents general information on tyre pressure monitoring systems and an analysis of existing data, including scientific evidences and conclusions about TPMS.

Draft: United Nations Economic and Social Council R64 Regulation on TPMS –This draft regulation is based upon the GRRF TPMS Task Force Conclusions and the GRRF Cost Benefit Analysis of Direct TPMS.

United Nations Economic and Social Council GRRF TPMS Task Force Conclusions –These conclusions provide a distribution of actual tyre pressure on the road in various countries; discuss detailed analysis of the data and the contribution of various types of TPMS to reduce this underinflation; assert the effects of underinflation on fuel consumption, CO2 emissions, tyre wear, and road safety; and outline the causes of underinflation.

United Nations Economic and Social Council GRRF Cost Benefit Analysis of Direct TPMS –This report from the UNESC is a cost benefit analysis of direct TPMS.

The European Tyre and Rim Technical Organisation Position Paper on UNECE R64 Regulation on TPMS –This white paper asserts the positions ETRTO takes on certain measures proposed within the UNECE's regulation on TPMS, including cases in which measures are deemed insufficient.